Many concentration and meditation techniques have been developed by Satyananda Yoga ® from ancient scriptures. The practices of pratyahara (stilling the mind), dharana (concentration), dhyana (meditation) and laya yoga techniques, derived from the Upanishads, the Tantras and other traditions have also been classified, taught and published. All techniques have different levels and stages of practice as clarified by the Satyananda Yoga tradition.
Below are descriptions of three common Satyananda Yoga meditation techniques:
Antar Mouna deals with the activities of the conscious mind. In Antar Mouna there is awareness of the thoughts and mental activity. The technique involves creating, transforming and finally gaining control of the thought processes.
Ajapa Japa is a mantra repetition practice with breath awareness in the psychic passages. The mantra may be the personal mantra given by a guru or the universal breath mantra So Ham whose spontaneous repetition is the core of Ajapa Japa.
Trataka involves gazing at one point, generally a candle flame, to induce relaxation and concentration of mind.